Definition of zoning

Zoning is a regulatory approach to control how land or real estate of an area would be used. It divides the whole area into different zones, such as commercial, industrial, residential and agricultural. While dividing into different zones the location of the area, size, density of population, needs of locality etc are considered.

Zoning is used to improve the quality of life in a locality and to ensure the proper use of land. The concept of zoning was first evolved in New York city and adopted the first zoning regulations in 1916.

Zoning is a municipal or city level policy and generally performed by local government bodies. Property owners must comply with the zoning rules. Zoning rules can be changed or relaxed based on necessity, it is not fixed forever.

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